by Nick Mutt
by Nick Mutt
In diabetes mellitus, the glucose level in the urine and blood is high. A high level of blood sugar is due to deficiency of insulin, the hormone that facilitates the entry of glucose in body cells. This occurs when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin or due to antibodies that are formed in the blood which interfere with the normal functioning of the insulin. In either case, there is a high level of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes generally appears as polyuria (frequent urination) and polydipsia (increased thirst). It is always essential to check for diabetes if a person is suffering from any ailment and is not recovering fast; particularly those approaching 40 should and must check for diabetes every year.
1. Diabetes may cause itching of vulva in women and inflammation of the glans penis in men.
2. You may lose weight inspite of normal or increased appetite.
3. You may have a variety of infections like tuberculosis, infection of kidney (pyelonephritis).
4. You may have retinal detachment or even loss of vision, may develop infection in the feet which may turn into gangrene and require amputation if the disease is not checked in early stage.
5. You may have aches or pain in the body, weakness, a boil or carbuncle of skin which does not heal rapidly.
6. There is an increase in still births of pregnant women in a diabetic condition. The child born could be heavy (over 10 lbs. at birth).
7. Diabetes can complicate arthritis.
8. It may cause amenorrhea (stopped periods).
If you have a high glucose level in the urine and blood, the most important thing to do is to control the diet. Cut down sugar completely, this will bring down the sugar level to some extent, increase physical activity, do walking, jogging, exercises and if sugar is still high then probably you will need some medicine for the time being, but if you supplement the effort with controlled diet and increased exercise you can gradually cut down medicine and be able to completely stop it in most cases.
Diabetes Myths and Facts
Insulin is the best drug for the treatment of type 1 diabetes (Insulin dependent diabetes), also known as juvenile onset diabetes. Administration of insulin caused disappearance of sugar from the urine and lowers down the above level of sugar to the normal level of blood, within 24-48 hours. There are several myths about diabetes treatment. Some of them are as below -
Myth ? Uncooked food or food taken in raw form helps in checking diabetes
Fact ? The calorie value of foods whether raw or cooked remain unchanged and so is their fattening attribute. The effect of food on human body in terms of calorie accumulation remains the same and this provides no guard against diabetes. It is more important to eat wisely and have a balanced diet whatever the form.
Myth ? A diabetic person can balance off over eating with use of insulin
Fact ? No, a diabetic person should follow the diet plan given by his doctor. Violation from it can lead to complications. Many diabetics live longer than normal people because they have a tendency to regulate their lives more strictly than the non-diabetic. They avoid or restrict foods containing a large quantity of ?free sugar? such as ice cream, pastries, cake, sweets, table sugar, etc.
Myth - Non- consumption of sugar, sweets or excessive amount of carbohydrates checks the onset of diabetes
Fact ? There is no medical evidence to support this point. The exact cause of diabetes is not known. Studies have shown that the disease occurs more frequently in people who have a family history and who are overweight. Other causes are abnormal function of the pancreas, liver, adrenal glands, pituitary gland and other related structures.
Excessive intake of sugar or sweets may aggravate and bring to light an underlying tendency towards diabetes. Manage you diabetes for a healthier and longer life!
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